Deoxyribonucleic acid, more commonly known as DNA, is very complicated. These microscopic strands of nitrogen bases allow all living things to differ. Each person has very different strands, and the bases are in an order that looks completely random. Dynamic DNA Labs has mastered the process of extracting DNA and giving you accurate information. DNA is complicated and is structured in a unique way. In today’s blog, Dynamic DNA Labs breaks down how DNA is structured and what makes each person unique.
DNA is shaped in a formation known as a double helix. The strand is constructed of two sugar-phosphate backbones that spiral together, and bases which are the bars that connect the two backbones. This twisted shape of DNA allows the bases to link together in an interlocking formation without breaking. Chemical bonds connect the two sides of the helix, making them strong. The stands can even be broken into subsections for further study!
DNA is made up of molecules known as nucleotides. Within each nucleotide, it can be broken into a phosphate group, a sugar group, and a nitrogen base. The four nitrogen bases found in every strand are adenine (A), thymine (T), guanine (G), and cytosine (C). The order of these nitrogen bases will determine the genetic makeup of each individual person. Human DNA has over 750,000,000 nucleotides; however, roughly 99% of the bases are the same in all people!
What Makes Each Person Unique
With 99% of bases being the same in all people, how is every individual so vastly different? On average, 1-3 bases differ from person-to-person. Just these slight differences have a significant impact on our height, body type, physical features, and much more. When breaking it down from a scientific standpoint, humans aren’t that different!
Your body is continuously producing new DNA. Each time a cell divides and creates a new cell, DNA is transferred. This process that is encapsulated in cell division is known as the replication process. The first step of the replication process is “unzipping” the DNA strand, leaving a leading strand and lagging strand. After the split from a double helix shape, a strand of RNA merges with each half of the original DNA strand. At the end of the replication process, two completely new DNA strands are formed!
Understanding Your DNA with Dynamic DNA Labs
Have you ever wondered about your DNA and what makes you unique? Dynamic DNA Labs specializes in DNA research and providing you with accurate information about your health, ancestry, fitness, and more. Dynamic DNA Labs is happy to answer any questions you might have regarding your personalized DNA test kit, or if you want to learn more about how DNA is structured. Visit our website to browse the products and services we offer and contact us today!